Categories : Biography

In India women are closely linked to and involved in livestock management. Apostle Hneshim will teach about the blessings that will come from our love for God. It is not quite the same for the art world, according to players in the sectors. These may consist of home-made washes and dips that use less biostable and biocumulative natural materials. It has become an integral part of Tzotzil culture as have the use of sheep wool and the ancient weaving process. Since going against the culture, value, and societal norms is a subjective matter on its own, it is open to interpretation; and, according to the law pundit, pre-production restriction can be seen as a limitation or censorship where many things can be left to the mercy of the evaluator.

Posters were hung and fliers were distributed in anticipation of a grand opening that Sunday. For pneumonia in small ruminants, interviewees all agree that antibiotics out-perform traditional treatments. Recent field research at the research station of the University of Chiapas focussed on wool production and the traditional knowledge that the Tzotzil shepherdesses have developed regarding the selection of animals for the quality of their fleeces, in an attempt to blend the indigenous knowledge into adequate genetic improvement programmes. Yet again, open practice of censorship without public scrutiny, in violation of the law is not commonplace. The main reasons for turning to traditional treatments were: On the other hand, we veterinarians and technicians are accepting our role as simple students learning from humble, illiterate, yet knowledgeable masters.

When it was in cash it was usually in the range of Birr 0. Schillhorn van Veen eds.

film | KonjoTube – Part 30

Subscribe to our channel for great Ethiopian music. Background Livestock farmers all over India can draw on over years of knowledge and experience conserved in oral histories and traditions amongst different groups. Women in livestock production in rural India. Although a distinct preference to ethnoveterinary medicine was noted, many families also expressed increasing difficulty practising it. Another example is humane means of traditional slaughter shotelau means that, again, may reduce stress and fear-responses in the selected animal and in dramaa flock- or herd-mates.

The result is the well-known communication gap between agricultural technicians and rural families. The aim of this study was to assess the relevance and relative importance of this system of animal treatment across different regions.

Such immediate development issues as these, discussed during the Pune conference, were in fact raised early on, when modern medicine first began encroaching upon ethnoveterinary systems. Table 2 provides examples of flowering and fruit plants commonly used for animal treatment.


The ecological, cultural, and social implications of this could have an extremely positive impact in strengthening rural livelihoods. Major problems identified by farmers in the current practice of ethnoveterinary medicine such as ‘lack of medicinal plants and local healers’ pose a major threat in the sustainability of ethnoveterinary healing in rural India.

Ailments Traditional treatments 1 Mastitis Applying turmeric on udder. Medicinal plants must be grown in kitchen gardens and community plots.

Yet again, open practice of censorship without public scrutiny, in violation of the law is not commonplace. Indeed, under the original ‘one medicine’ concept, most local practitioners deal with both humans shoteay animals anyway – just as did veterinarians and medical doctors in frontier America.

Most farmers and healers believed that irreecha contributed to the success of the treatment and without it there was risk of failure. AllAfrica is a voice of, by shofelay about Africa – aggregating, producing and distributing news and information items daily from over African news organizations and our own reporters to an African and global public.

Though there are complaints from playwrights that there is political consideration, Samuel says most of them plays are not up to standard. Indigenous knowledge provides the basis for selection.

Ethiopia: Uncut and Unrated – Presenting Art Just As It’s Intended

See What Everyone is Watching. The major findings included: Sheep are sacred animals in the Highlands, protected and respected by Tzotzil religion because they share souls with the people; these woollen souls are never killed or eaten, and thus wool becomes the most important productive aspect.

To this list we can xhotelay add animal genetics and range management. But UNICEF is now gearing up for paravet training there by conducting research on local veterinary practices and preferences and on drug supply and distribution networks there.

The perceptions of farmers provide important insights for practical strategies in future development interventions in the area. Application of ethnoveterinary medicine Part 5: A further commonality is evident when one compares ethnoveterinary data with findings from research on medicinal plants in Sudan.

Back to the future: Or, breeders and geneticists may identify traditional or so-called ‘antique’ breeds of livestock that tolerate or resist the disease. Availability The availability of ethnoveterinary and western expertise, especially at the moment of need, will influence the livestock keeper’s choice whether to use traditional or modern methods. Through diverse participatory research techniques it was possible to acknowledge, list, and rank the selection criteria Tzotzil shepherdesses use to maintain sheep within their flocks.


Though the ethnoveterinary practitioners mentioned a fairly large number of plant species, they were very reluctant to tell about many other plants and especially their uses unless a very good rapport has been established. This directory will be available for each region in the local language. He says he was able to screen his plays including Deha Adeg and Shotelay, but claims that indirectly he was still pressured from different sides.

As it can be imagined, the political environment was not totally free from shock. Although he believes there is still room to write even a politically motivated play in Ethiopia, Getnet says draja some of the restrictions are not quite clear.

Today few scholars or developers would dispute the fact that local animal healthcare practices are often quite effective, more cost-efficient, and certainly more available, culturally comfortable, and comprehensible than western or northern, scientific or conventional ones however one might define the latter.

Cost-benefit studies are urgently needed to understand under which conditions ethnoveterinary medicine indeed provides dramw alternatives. Even though he believes in the evaluation of plays, he thinks that the professionals are incapable and politically affiliated.

Vetwork – Resource Centre – BAIF Development Research Foundation

The main difficulties expressed were: Illustrating just from India, turn-of-the-century veterinary inspectors there pointed out that “European drugs are expensive and not available in rural areas” Hirachandra In comparing findings from Arabic groups of northern Sudan with researches among Nilotic groups of southern Sudan, several similarities and differences emerge.

In some communities there is a belief that if women start practising and advocating traditional treatment methods they may resort to witchcraft or turn into witches and this belief precludes them from practising.

All these activities will make the interventions successful, self-supporting, and sustainable. Similarly tribal farmers who live in forests abundant with medicinal ehotelay, have great knowledge on traditional treatments. Treatments include drenching with goat urine or sometimes intra-nasally sesame oil, or feeding Coronopus niloticus seeds or water-soaked onions.

Whenever possible, the plants which farmers attributed medicinal properties to were collected and identified at the National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University. But each has valuable inputs to make into practical animal healthcare, whether on the side of therapy or prophylaxis.